Sports nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition and diet to improve the athletic performance of any person. Nutrition is an important part of many sports training regimens, and is popular in strength sports (such as weightlifting and bodybuilding) and endurance sports (for example, sports nutrition focuses its studies on the type and amount of fluids and food an athlete eats). In addition, it deals with the consumption of nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, supplements and organic substances that include carbohydrates, proteins and fats. For adults, detailed information on topics such as nutrient synchronization, body composition, protein intake and exercise can be obtained in the position papers of the International Society for Sports Nutrition (ISSN).
Hydration, or maintaining an adequate level of fluid in the body, is an important aspect of sports nutrition due to the loss of water and sodium through sweat during sports activity. Doping in sports refers to the practice of taking anabolic steroids and other substances prohibited by international sports organizations. Specific aspects of sports nutrition include hydration, assessment of energy needs, assessment of weight and body composition, strategies for changing weight, meal times and the use of ergogenic aids. Compared to plain water or sports drinks, research supported by the Dairy Products and Nutrition Council suggests that chocolate milk is more effective in replacing fluids lost through sweat and maintaining normal levels of body fluids.
Doping The use of drugs to improve performance in sports competitions, including anabolic steroids and other substances prohibited by most international sports organizations. Professionals in the field of sports nutrition include dieticians, biochemists, exercise physiologists, cellular and molecular biologists, and sometimes psychotherapists. Isotonic drinks are also often recommended in sports nutrition courses, since they contain similar concentrations of salt and sugar to those of the human body. Sweating during sports activity causes the loss of water and sodium, making hydrating or maintaining an adequate level of fluid in the body an important aspect of sports nutrition.
Therefore, as part of a sports nutrition course, creatine helps generate the type of energy your body would need to function for long hours and not let you feel tired or burdened. The different conditions and objectives suggest the need for athletes to ensure that their sports nutritional approach is appropriate for their situation. Sports nutrition is a broad interdisciplinary field involving dieticians, biochemists, exercise physiologists, cellular and molecular biologists and, occasionally, psychotherapists. Such a specialized diet and understanding of sports nutrition courses are important for athletes not only to perform, but also to train and recover.
Sports nutrition, in this sense, is nutrition and a diet tailored to athletes to help them improve their sports performance.